Thursday, April 19, 2012


WHO are they? Most Kulisusu families have their own farmlands and work together in
cultivating the land. They primarily cultivate cassava, corn and rice along with assorted
vegetables and fruits. In addition to personal consumption, produce is also sold in the
markets, and the Kulisusu are known for offering low prices. Some Kulisusu are traders
who travel to other islands in and around Indonesia or work on merchant ships.
Honesty and hard work are valued among the Kulisusu people, and they have an
extremely low crime rate.

WHERE do they live? The Kulisusu people of Indonesia are located on the
northeastern area of Buton Island, which is in the province of Southeast Sulawesi. The
Kulisusu live on the narrow hilly peninsula which juts southward separating the Koro
Bay on the west from the Banda Sea on the east. Although little has been written about
the Kulisusu, it’s known that they have been settled in their present location for at least
the past 400 years.

HOW many? 22,000

WHAT do they worship? The Kulisusu are followers of Islam, which came into their
area around the 17th century. The Islamic faith is expressed through activities such as
circumcision, attending the mesjid (mosque), and fasting during the month of Ramadan.
Despite their Islamic identity, their beliefs in Allah and the Qur'an (Islamic holy book) do
not prevent them from having special celebrations to satisfy evil spirits, or going to a
dukun (shaman) when they are sick or having difficulties.

Sunday, April 15, 2012


WHO are they? The Muna people (also called Wuna) live in the province of Southeast
Sulawesi on the larger islands of Muna and the west coast of Buton, and the smaller
islands of Kadatua, Siompu, Bangkomalape, Tiworo, and Telaga.

WHERE do they live? The Muna make their living as farmers, with their primary crops
being cashews, corn, rice, and seaweed. Other crops include sweet potatoes, sugar
cane and various kinds of spices. A large portion of their commerce has come from
marketing the products of the jungle such as teak wood and rattan. The Muna usually
live in the interior of the island, though there are a good number of coastal communities.
They live together in kinship groups, which are called Tombu. Those who live by the
sea have been successful in pearl farming and cultivation of seaweed.

HOW many? 300,000

WHAT do they worship? The majority of Muna follow Sunni Islam. There is a Christian
minority, with two villages being historically Catholic. There was a Protestant village, but
those residents have moved to Ambon. Followers of Islam believe they will be judged
on their knowledge of the Qur'an (Islamic holy book) as well as their deeds done during
this lifetime. However, traditional animistic beliefs still influence many aspects of Muna